The Orange Plate Coral is interesting and easy to care for, and that makes it a very good choice for a novice aquarists. It requires only moderate lighting and little to no water movement. It is often referred to as a Disk, Mushroom, Chinaman, Fungia Plate, or Tongue Coral. The Orange Plate Coral shows thick skeletal structure that grows fast and needs a supplement of calcium and trace element in order to flourish. Supplement feedings of meaty foods, Mysis shrimps can be given as target food to them for a continued good health. Since, the Orange Plate Coral has short tentacles, it is considered as semi aggressive and is capable of defending itself by stinging its neighbors. Its unique characteristics ensures its survival, i.e. its inherit ability to move itself to more favorable locations by way of inflating and deflating its tissues. The Orange Plate Coral should be placed on a soft substrate, and it thrives well in a temperature range of 74-81 degree Fahrenheit. An interesting fact regarding the Orange Plate Coral is that it exhibits a unique behavior called polyp bailout that is to produce offspring in the event of death. This even happens three or four months after the coral dies and the offspring grows out of the skeleton and eventually move to the sand bed. It can be further fragged, or cut into half, to make two colonies. Though the Orange Plate Coral is a photosynthetic in nature, it also benefits from a small piece of raw table shrimp, frozen Mysis shrimp, silverside once a week. After the lights are turned on the Orange Plate Coral extends its feeding tentacles and quickly accepts food.
The Orange Plate Coral has a circular orange colored skeleton with numerous ridges. Its short tentacles expand outward from the skeleton.Corals are part of a biological group known as Cnidaria. Most Cnidaria have a mouth, or mouths, that opens into one big body cavity. Due to the lack of a true digestive system, this cavity acts in its place and after the food is broken down the nutrients are then sent through the rest of the body as food. There is also no excretory system; therefore the waste is sent back through the mouth or secreted into the surrounding water.Tentacles of varying size will usually surround the mouth of Cnidaria. Most Cnidaria have tentacles with stinging cells that can shoot tiny poison darts into their prey or can even be used as a defense mechanism. Some corals lack tentacles and instead cover themselves with a thin layer of mucus and use that to collect bacteria and plankton as food. Some corals even use both of these methods. Cnidaria can either be an individual animal or members of a complex colony. These "Colony Corals" share the food and nutrients taken in by each individual.Corals have tiny living organisms that actually live in their tissue. These are called zooxanthellae and they are the reason why such strong lighting is needed in the saltwater aquarium. These algae-like creatures provide the coral with oxygen and other nutrients that are produced during photosynthesis. During this process, the zooxanthellae take up carbon dioxide and provide nutrients to the coral.Corals can use two different types of defense mechanisms. One of which is a sweeper tentacle wherein the coral reaches its tentacles out to try to damage another coral with nematocysts. The other is when the coral releases a minute amount of toxin into the water to poison another coral within certain proximity. Most "Hard Corals" should not be placed within reach of another coral.