The Montipora Capricornis is a small polyp stony (SPS) coral that often referred to as Vase Coral. It comes in wide variety of forms and colors, which makes it a beautiful addition to any tank. The Montipora Capricornis is peaceful species and can be kept in proximity to other similar peaceful corals in the reef aquarium. It is one of the easier coral to maintain thus makes a good choice for a beginner aquarist. The Montipora Capricornis grows rapidly in the established reef aquarium, requires medium lighting combined with a medium water movement within the aquarium. The Montipora Capricornis also needs the addition of calcium, strontium, and other trace elements to the water for its continued growth of health. Being fully encrusted, it enables the Montipora Capricornis to ship better with less stress when compared to newly fragmented corals. It will benefit from the food fed weekly in the form of micro-plankton or foods designed for filter feeding invertebrates. The Montipora Capricornis is mounted on a piece of cultured aragonite that can be placed easily and securely in or between rockwork in the reef aquarium.
Corals are part of a biological group known as Cnidaria. Most Cnidaria have a mouth,or mouths, that opens into one big body cavity. Due to the lack of a true digestivesystem, this cavity acts in its place and after the food is broken down thenutrients are then sent through the rest of the body as food. There is also noexcretory system; therefore the waste is sent back through the mouth or secretedinto the surrounding water.Tentacles of varying size will usually surround the mouth of Cnidaria. Most Cnidariahave tentacles with stinging cells that can shoot tiny poison darts into their preyor can even be used as a defense mechanism. Some corals lack tentacles and insteadcover themselves with a thin layer of mucus and use that to collect bacteria andplankton as food. Some corals even use both of these methods. Cnidaria can either bean individual animal or members of a complex colony. These "Colony Corals" share thefood and nutrients taken in by each individual.Corals have tiny living organisms that actually live in their tissue. These arecalled zooxanthellae and they are the reason why such strong lighting is needed inthe saltwater aquarium. These algae-like creatures provide the coral with oxygen andother nutrients that are produced during photosynthesis. During this process, thezooxanthellae take up carbon dioxide and provide nutrients to the coral.Corals can use two different types of defense mechanisms. One of which is a sweepertentacle wherein the coral reaches its tentacles out to try to damage another coralwith nematocysts. The other is when the coral releases a minute amount of toxin intothe water to poison another coral within certain proximity. Most "Hard Corals"should not be placed within reach of another coral.